Electromagnetic fields act via activation of voltage-gated calcium channels to produce beneficial or adverse effects

Martin L Pall Abstract The direct targets of extremely low and microwave frequency range electromagnetic fields (EMFs) in producing non-thermal effects have not been clearly established. However, studies in the literature, reviewed here, provide substantial support for such direct targets. Twenty-three studies have shown that voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) produce these and other EMF effects, … Continue reading Electromagnetic fields act via activation of voltage-gated calcium channels to produce beneficial or adverse effects