Nutrient-Rich Diet May Help Heart Failure Patients Avoid Hospital, Death

Micronutrients in heart failure patients

TUESDAY, Sept. 4, 2018 (American Heart Association) — A varied, quality diet could help prevent hospitalizations and even death among patients with heart failure, a new study suggests.

Researchers investigating nutritional deficiencies found that people with heart failure who lack seven or more micronutrients had nearly double the risk of dying or being hospitalized than those who didn’t have any or only a few deficiencies. The University of Kentucky-led study was published Sept. 4 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

“This establishes the importance of nutrition and why it really has to become a higher priority when it comes to treating heart failure,” said lead author Terry Lennie, senior associate dean at the University of Kentucky’s College of Nursing. “Nutritional deficiencies really can put patients at risk, more so than I think we understood or appreciated before.”

The study examined data from 246 patients recruited from three heart failure clinics in Georgia, Indiana and Kentucky. Patients kept detailed diaries of everything they ate and drank for four consecutive days.

Researchers assessed the intake of 17 micronutrients — 11 vitamins and six minerals — from the food diaries. They also kept tabs on patients every month for the following year.

The study found that 44 percent of patients with deficiencies in seven or more micronutrients were hospitalized or died within the year, compared to 25 percent of patients who had no deficiencies or only a few.

Calcium was the most commonly deficient micronutrient in patients’ diets, followed by magnesium, vitamins D and E, zinc and vitamin C.

One reason for the lack of these micronutrients could be “diet monotony,” or the tendency to eat the same foods every day instead of incorporating variety into meals. The study found many patients consumed the same foods for multiple meals across all four days of the food diary. Older adults are more vulnerable to this habit “due to a decreased drive to consume varied foods,” the study said. The average age of patients was 61.

A majority of the participants were overweight or obese, dispelling the notion of a link between a person’s weight and nutritional deficiencies.

“When we see individuals who are overweight, people tend to think they’re well-nourished, and that we only have to worry about people who are underweight as far as nutrition goes,” Lennie said. “But we found no relationship between patients’ body mass index and whether or not they had nutritional deficiencies.”

Dr. Frank Hu said the use of four-day food diaries did a good job capturing patient dietary patterns. But Hu, chairman of the nutrition department at Harvard University’s T.H. Chan School of Public Health, said he would have liked to have seen a much larger study size.

Hu, a professor of nutrition and epidemiology who was not involved in the research, said the findings demonstrate the role that well-rounded, varied diets can play in keeping heart failure patients alive. He noted the study did not address whether any single nutrient played a more important role than others. It instead looked at overall dietary health.

“It’s very important to pay attention to both nutrition quantity and quality. When we talk about nutrition quality, we’re not talking about just popping a vitamin or mineral supplement,” he said.

“Micronutrients come mostly from plant-based foods, such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, nuts and legumes,” Hu said, adding that including some animal foods such as moderate amounts of fish and dairy products is also helpful in achieving adequate micronutrient intakes.

“It’s more important to pay attention to the quality of the foods when we try to make sure patients eat a balanced, nutritional meal,” he said.

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Seaweed reduces Methane production in Holstein Cows

University of California researchers are feeding seaweed to dairy cows in an attempt to make cattle more climate-friendly.

UC Davis is studying whether adding small amounts of seaweed to  can help reduce their emissions of methane, a  that’s released when cattle burp, pass gas or make manure.

In a study this past spring, researchers found  were reduced by more than 30 percent in a dozen Holstein cows that ate the ocean algae, which was mixed into their feed and sweetened with molasses to disguise the .

“I was extremely surprised when I saw the results,” said Ermias Kebreab, the UC Davis animal scientist who led the study. “I wasn’t expecting it to be that dramatic with a small amount of seaweed.”

Kebreab says his team plans to conduct a six-month study of a seaweed-infused diet in beef cattle starting in October.

More studies will be needed to determine its safety and efficacy, and seaweed growers would have to ramp up production to make it an economical option for farmers.

Dairy farms and other livestock operations are major sources of methane, a heat-trapping gas many times more potent than carbon dioxide.

ChooseLife : Seaweed and Molasses, is there no end to the magnificence of this combination? Moreless knew.

Thank You

In the past 2-3 years I have experienced a huge increase in personal sensitivity, especially related to emotional stimuli. This has led to understanding that I am a ‘Highly Sensitive Person’ (, or, ‘Innate Sensitive’ in Jungian Psychology .

During this process, and time, many times I become simply irate, after obvious courtesy is ignored (holding a door, letting a car through, basic social courtesy). Over the past few years I feel this had become more and more prevalent, believing it to be a localised issue firstly (that people in the new area we live, are more prone to social discourtesy), however I now believe that it may be a wider societal issue.

This new published study shows that courtesy matters, a lot:

Undervaluing Gratitude: Expressers Misunderstand the Consequences of Showing Appreciation.


Expressing gratitude improves well-being for both expressers and recipients, but we suggest that an egocentric bias may lead expressers to systematically undervalue its positive impact on recipients in a way that could keep people from expressing gratitude more often in everyday life. Participants in three experiments wrote gratitude letters and then predicted how surprised, happy, and awkward recipients would feel. Recipients then reported how receiving an expression of gratitude actually made them feel. Expressers significantly underestimated how surprised recipients would be about why expressers were grateful, overestimated how awkward recipients would feel, and underestimated how positive recipients would feel. Expected awkwardness and mood were both correlated with participants’ willingness to express gratitude. Wise decisions are guided by an accurate assessment of the expected value of action. Underestimating the value of prosocial actions, such as expressing gratitude, may keep people from engaging in behavior that would maximize their own-and others’-well-being.


gratitude; happiness; open data; open materials; preregistered; social cognition; social connection; well-being

PMID: 29949445


My wife always urges me to calm down about it, when I get upset, asking why it matters to me, if others are not polite, but I can’t help it, my high sensitivity makes me constantly look at the world and reflect how actions of people affect those around them.

Why would you ignore thanking someone? someone who has obviously been kind, gracious, or polite, to you? Happiness creates a positive thought form, we need more of this in our lives.

Thank you for reading this, and thank you for being thankful!

RIP Don Croft

The amount of positive energy, created by the drive of this soul, was staggering.

Some of the best years of my life have been spent gifting, along with Don and the rest of the community, though we never met, I am enriched as a being for reading his reflections.

So sorry to Carol and family for your loss.

Very Best Wishes, Rich

Body Clock Proteins, Macrophages and Moreless

Reading about new research results of a study into Inflammation and the body clock, here :

Researchers at RCSI and Trinity College Dublin have revealed insights into how the body clock controls the inflammatory response, which may open up new therapeutic options to treat excess inflammation in conditions such as asthma, arthritis and cardiovascular disease. By understanding how the body clock controls the inflammatory response, we may be able to target these conditions at certain times of the day to have the most benefit. These findings may also shed light on why individuals who experience body clock disruption such as shift workers are more susceptible to these inflammatory conditions.

The body clock, the timing mechanism in each cell in the body, allows the body to anticipate and respond to the 24-hour external environment. Inflammation is normally a protective process that enables the body to clear infection or damage, however if left unchecked can lead to disease. The new study, led by researchers at Dr. Annie Curtis’s Lab at RCSI (Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland) in partnership with Prof. Luke O’Neill’s Lab at Trinity College Dublin, is published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), a leading international multidisciplinary scientific journal.

Dr Annie Curtis, Research Lecturer in the Department of Molecular and Cellular Therapeutics at RCSI and senior author, explained that: “Macrophages are key immune cells in our bodies which produce this inflammatory response when we are injured or ill. What has become clear in recent years is that these cells react differently depending on the time of day that they face an infection or damage, or when we disrupt the body clock within these cells”.

Dr. Jamie Early, first author on the study, said: “We have made a number of discoveries into the impact of the body clock in macrophages on inflammatory diseases such as asthma and multiple sclerosis. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms by which the body clock precisely controls the inflammatory response were still unclear. Our study shows that the central clock protein, BMAL1 regulates levels of the antioxidant response protein NRF2 to control a key inflammatory molecule called IL-1β from macrophages.”

“The findings although at a preliminary stage, offers new insights into the behaviour of inflammatory conditions such as arthritis and cardiovascular disease which are known to be altered by the body clock”, added Dr Early.

Funded by Science Foundation Ireland, the research was undertaken in collaboration between RCSI, Trinity College Dublin and the Broad Institute in Boston, USA.


The paper, The Circadian Clock Protein BMAL1 Regulates IL-1β in Macrophages via NRF2, will be published on Monday, August 20, at 3 pm US ET/8pm GMT.


ChooseLife Thoughts : This is a good research area, Moreless used to repeatedly state ‘no proteins 4-6 hours before bed, no significant protein 6 hours ideally‘.

It rang true to me, he said if you eat significant protein before bed, your Autonomic Nervous System would potentially be held off from repair in key early sleep phases, as the digestion of proteins require more Oxygen than say vegetables/salad. If digestion is incomplete at the point of sleep, this triggers the endocrine system to focus blood flow there, rather than supplying electromagnetic force to tissue repair, recovering the adrenals (which happens between 11pm-1am it is believed), and other vital parasympathetic/R&R functions.

Coupling this information of Moreless, with Carey Reams suggestion, to just eat salad largely at dinner (with a good olive oil as dressing, he claimed this cleared the digestive tract well, creating a gelatine like substance to help avoid foods sticking, setting you up for the following day), light foods at dinner, which very likely shaped the base of Moreless thinking. They dovetail this research.


Brain pH Linked to Alzheimers

pH imbalance in brain cells may contribute to Alzheimer’s disease

Study identifies potential drug targets to reverse problem found in tiny organelles in astrocytes

August 2, 2018
Johns Hopkins Medicine
Scientists say they have found new evidence in lab-grown mouse brain cells, called astrocytes, that one root of Alzheimer’s disease may be a simple imbalance in acid-alkaline — or pH — chemistry inside endosomes, the nutrient and chemical cargo shuttles in cells.

Full Article =

ChooseLife notes = Interestingly the pH of 6.21 was the average of those not affected, this is close to the tissue pH Carey Reams suggests we should be trying to be within (Below is a scheme showing the concept pH Range Of Acceptance):

Previously, I have seen some evidence, which Moreless cited, which showed that Fish demonstrate levels of Mercury tissue saturation, not chiefly based on the mercury levels of the water, but rather the pH. This strongly suggests that it is the pH which was the chief uptake driver of Mercury into tissue, not the levels of Mercury as you may assume (the studies showed a lake with lower pH and lower Mercury had Fish with higher levels of Mercury than another lake with higher pH and higher Mercury).

“Of interest, recent studies have shown that mercury levels in
water in a water-sediment partition system of high pH value were
higher than those in a comparable system of low pH (MATSUMURA et
al. 1972). Thus, we have the enigma of lower mercury content in
fish inhabiting waters of higher pH and comparably higher mercury
concentration. It appears that mercury concentration in water is
not the only factor controlling the amount of mercury in fish.” Full

This leads me to ponder, if similar is happening in our brains, with Aluminium starting to become more neuro-toxic as our pH drops? 

This similar principle, applied to dental Mercury, may explain why some do not suffer with amalgams, yet many feel they do? Perhaps those who suffer have generally lower saliva pH, which triggers the harmful effects, often believed to be from this element. 

(Alzheimers & Aluminium research = Link)